How to Install Linux Mint 20 – Ulyana? (Beginners Guide)


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In this post I am going to show you how to install Linux Mint 20 Ulyana.

Linux Mint is a popular Linux distro for beginners, especially for those who came from Windows background. It is based on Ubuntu and Debian and provides a decent number of packages with a great software manager.

It is a powerful OS with a modern design which makes it very easy to use. Unlike some other Linux distros, Mint also comes with full multimedia support.

Pre-Requisites to install Linux Mint

  • Minimum 2 GB RAM
  • Minimum 20 GB free hard disk space
  • Active Internet Connection
  • 4GB USB drive to create a bootable medium (Only if you want to install OS on Main hardware)
  • Virtualization software like VirtualBox or VMware (Only if you want to install Linux Mint as a virtual machine)

Steps to Install Linux Mint

Linux Mint is pretty easy to install on both main hardware and as a virtual machine, thanks to its simple and easy to use the graphical installer.

However, if you’re a beginner to Linux, then I recommend you to install Linux Mint as a virtual machine. Installing Linux on Main hardware sometimes cause issues, especially when your system is primarily made for Windows OS.

Now, let’s start by downloading Linux Mint.

Step 1: Download the ISO image

You can download Linux Mint from its official website. There are 3 different editions of available:

1. Cinnamon Edition: Featuring Cinnamon Desktop.

2. Mate Edition: Featuring Mate Desktop.

3. XFCE Edition: Featuring XFCE Desktop.

You can download any edition you want; the installation steps will be same.

In this post, I will install Linux Mint Cinnamon Edition.

Step 2: Prepare for Installation

You can install Linux Mint on the main machine or on a virtual machine. The installation procedure will be almost similar for both methods; the only difference will be the partitioning step.

If you want to install Linux Mint as your main system, then you’ll need to create a bootable medium. I have written a step-by-step guide on creating a bootable USB for Linux, in case you need any help.

Once you’ve created bootable medium, restart your system and boot the Linux Mint, then jump to the installation steps. 

If you plan to install Linux Mint on VirtualBox, then first create a VirtualBox container.

1. Start VirtualBox and click on new.

2. Fill all the necessary details to create a new virtual machine.

Name: Linux Mint 20
Machine Folder: (You can change location, if you don’t have enough space on the current drive, I am leaving it as default.)
Type: Linux
Version: Ubuntu (64bit)
Memory Size: (I am giving it 4 GB, you can select according to your system)
Hard Disk: Select “Create a Virtual Hard disk now” option.

create new virtual machine to install linux mint
Create New Virtual Machine for Linux Mint

Then click on create.

3. Now, provide details to create virtual Hard disk.

File Location: Location of the virtual hard disk file.
File Size: 25 GB (I am giving it 25 GB; you can adjust according to the space available in your hard disk.)
Hard Disk File Type: VDI (VirtualBox Disk Image)
Storage on physical hard disk: Dynamically Allocated

create new virtual hard disk to install linux mint
Create New Virtual Hard Disk

Click on create.

4. Now, start the newly created virtual machine. When it asks to select a start-up disk, click on the yellow icon and browse for the Linux Mint ISO file you downloaded earlier and click on start.

Select Linux Mint Iso file you downloaded earlier.

Step 3: Install Linux Mint

1. Start Linux Mint

Once booted, select “Start Linux Mint” option from Linux Mint boot menu. 

Click on start Linux Mint
Start Linux Mint

2. Select Language

Choose your preferred language and click on continue.

select language for linux mint installation
Select Language

3. Keyboard Layout

Select your preferred keyboard layout and click on continue.

select keyboard layout
Select Keyboard Layout

4. Install Multimedia Codecs

You can choose to install multimedia codecs for better playback of videos and website rendering.

install multimedia codecs for linux mint
Install Multimedia codecs (Optional)

5. Installation Type

This step will be different depending on where you plan to install Linux Mint.

If you are installing Linux Mint on VirtualBox, then you can choose the “Erase Everything” option to install Linux Mint. You’ll not lose any data it is installed on the virtual hard disk you created earlier.

If you plan to install Linux Mint on main hardware, then you may have to choose “Something Else” option and create partitions manually. Selecting “Erase everything” option here will lead to loss of data and even the operating system that is already installed.

However, if you are installing Linux Mint on a fresh machine (with no data or OS installed), then you can choose “Erase everything” option.

select installation type for linux mint
Choose Partitioning Method

I am installing it on VirtualBox, therefore I am selecting the “Erase Everything” option.

6. Write Changes to Disk

Confirm your partition changes and click on continue. If you want to change something, then click on “Go back” and make necessary changes.

confirm and write changes to disk
Write Changes to Disk

7. Select Location

Select your location and click on continue.

select location
Choose Location

8. Set Up User and Password

Fill all the necessary details to set up a user account and password then click on continue.

set up user and password for your new linux mint installation
Setup User and Password

9. Wait for installation to Finish

After setting up user, Linux mint installation will commence. Wait patiently for the installation to finish.  

10. Installation Completed

Once, installation is completed, you’ll be prompted with the option to restart the system.

linux mint installation complete
Installation Complete

If you prefer to continue testing Linux mint, then you can do so by clicking on “Continue Testing” option. However, any changes you make will not be saved.

11. Login to Linux Mint

After restart, you’ll be greeted with Linux Mint login screen.

Linux mint login Screen
Linux Mint Login Screen

Enter username and password you created earlier to login to desktop.

Linux Mint Desktop
Linux Mint Desktop

Enjoy Linux Mint

I hope this tutorial helped you to install Linux Mint 20 without any issues, if you encountered any problems then you can comment below.

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Rahul R Nair

Rahul is obsessed with technology and programming. He is also the founder of TechSphinx. Being a technophile, he is always busy doing some techy stuff or learning about the latest technologies. When not busy with his usual routine (staring at the computer screen) he likes to write and share his knowledge with the world.
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